Interview by Jonathan Klein, MD
Current Oncology: This is an interview with Dr. Barbara-Ann Millar, staff oncologist at Princess Margaret Hospital and the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto and the current Program Director of the University of Toronto Radiation Oncology residency program. She has agreed to sit down with Current Oncology to discuss issues relating to radiation oncology in Toronto and elsewhere. First of all thank you for agreeing to speak with me today.
First off, I’m going to ask you a question that you will be asking all prospective radiation oncology residents which is: why radiation oncology?
Interview by Jonathan Klein, MD
Meredith Giuliani is the current Chief Resident of the Radiation Oncology residency training program at the University of Toronto. She graciously agreed to sit down with Current Oncology to discuss her experiences in the field and answer questions about applying to radiation oncology residency programs.
Current Oncology: To start, I’m going to ask you the question that you will be asking all prospective radiation oncology residents: why radiation oncology?
Photo Credit: Stock.Xchnge
by Dr. David Benatar
Just as people value having control over where they live, what occupation they have, whom they marry, and whether to have children, so people value having control over whether or not they continue living when the quality of their lives deteriorates. This is why the right to life and the right to die are not two rights, but two aspects or descriptions of the same right. The right to life is the right to decide whether or not one will continue living. The right to die is the right to decide whether or not one will die (when one could continue living). If a right to life were only a right to decide to continue living, and did not also include a right to decide not to continue living, then it would be a duty to live rather than a right to life. The idea that we have a duty to continue living, irrespective of how bad our lives become, is an implausible one indeed.
Photo Credit: Wikimedia Commons.
Summary by Dr. Luis Souhami MD – McGill University Health Centre
In our paper we critically reviewed major publications that evaluated the use of radiation therapy (RT) combined with androgen deprivation for localized prostate cancer. Also, a brief summary of some important preclinical studies was made in order to reinforce a better understanding of the biological basis for this approach. For didactic purposes, we have clustered prospective randomized trials in two major groups: one including studies basically testing hormonal therapy before RT (neoadjuvant therapy) and other using hormonal therapy concomitantly and/or after RT. Based on this scheme, we endeavoured to properly define most appropriate treatment recommendations for each risk category.
Multiple myleoma stain. Photo credit: Wikimedia Commons
Summary by Dr. Leonard Minuk
Multiple myeloma is an incurable plasma cell neoplasm that is characterized by multiple relapses requiring many lines of therapy to maintain disease control. Therapy has dramatically changed over the last 10 years to include multiple novel agents (such as thalidomide, lenalidomide, and bortezomib) as well as autologous stem cell transplantation, improving outcomes but also increasing the cost and complexity of treatment …
Current standard treatment is divided mainly according to age. Patients who are 65 are treated with standard melphalan and prednisone with the addition of either thalidomide (MPT regimen) or bortezomib (VMP regimen). Relapsed disease is managed with thalidomide, bortezomib, lenalidomide, or alkylating agents, often in combination with steroids. There is much debate and ongoing research into the appropriate sequencing and combination of these various drugs.
Textbook image of the respiratory system. Credit: Clipart Etc.
Summary by Dr. Vera Hirsh
Lung cancer remains one of the most common cancers worldwide and a leading cause of cancer-related deaths, with an estimated 1.6 million new cases and nearly 1.4 million deaths annually. The majority of patients with non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) will present with advanced stage disease at diagnosis. But even when diagnosed at an early stage, a large number of patients will eventually experience disease relapse with metastases. Five-year survival rate of lung cancer patients is only 15%. Furthermore, patients with advanced lung cancer may experience debilitating symptoms and toxicities related to their treatments, which can seriously effect their quality of life.