|Harvesting eggs, IVF, and freezing of embryos for later implantation||Before or after treatment||10-14 days from menses; outpatient surgical procedure||Need partner or donor sperm|
|Use of shielding to reduce scatter radiation to the ovaries||During treatment||In conjunction with radiation treatments||Does not protect against effects of chemotherapy|
|Surgical repositioning of ovaries away from the radiation field||Before treatment||Outpatient procedure or in conjunction with gynecologic cancer surgery|
|Surgical removal of the cervix with preservation of the uterus||During treatment||Inpatient surgical procedure||Limited to early stage cervical cancer|
Egg Banking (Experimental)
|Harvesting and freezing of unfertilized eggs for IVF and implantation after cancer treatment||Before or after treatment||10-14 days from menses; outpatient surgical procedure||May be attractive to single women or those opposed to embryo creation|
Ovarian Tissue Banking (Experimental)
|Freezing of ovarian tissue and reimplantation of tissue or in vitro maturation of follicles and fertilization of eggs after cancer treatment||Before or after treatment||Outpatient surgical procedure||Tissue not suitable for transplant if high risk of ovarian metastases; no live births to date from in vitro maturation|
Ovarian Suppression (Experimental)
|GnRH analogs or antagonists used to suppress ovaries||During treatment||In conjunction with chemotherapy||Does not protect from radiation effects|
Table adapted from SaveMyFertility.org (2011).
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